Background: Organic compounds refer to a class of
compounds that are important to living things. These compounds are either
produced by a living thing or derive from a thing that was once living, but is
now dead. The word "organic" means, "coming from
life", and it is because of this, that organic compounds are very important
to living things. Coral (the rock not the organism), petroleum (oil), and
alcohol are all created by living things and are made up of organic compounds.
You will focus on types of organic compounds that are found in living
things. These compounds are also called biological compounds or nutrients.
Using Indicators to Identify
Chemical Testing of
Organic Compound On-Line References:
This site from MIT contains diagrams and information about the structure of
This site from Ultranet.com defines proteins, tells functions, and contains
Protein. This site from World Book in Big Chalk.com contains information
Amino acids. This site from World Book in Big Chalk.com contains
information about amino acids.
Lipids. This site from World Book in Big Chalk.com contains information
Carbohydrates. This site from World Book in Big Chalk.com contains information
This site from ultranet,com contains basic information about
carbohydrates. It also contains molecular diagrams and examples of
monosaccarides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides (starches).
This site from Georgia Tech University defines carbohydrates and discusses their
importance for nutrition.
This site from MIT contains complex information about the structure of
sugars. The diagrams in this site may be useful.
Other Organic Compounds
Alcohol. This site from World Book in Big Chalk.com contains
information about alcohol.
Hydrocarbons. This site from World Book in Big Chalk.com contains information